Ancestral Forest Logo

Geoffrey V & Matilda Plantagenet

Silhouette-Woman Silhouette-Man
Matilda (Maud),
Empress of Germany

Date of Birth:
August 5, 1102
London, England
Date of Death:
September 10, 1169
Notre Dame, Rouen,
Seine-Maritime, France

Henry I "Beauclerc"
King of England &
Matilda "Atheling"
Princess of Scotland

First Marriage:
Henry V
Emporer of the
Holy Roman Empire
Date of Marriage:
May 22, 1127
Le Mans, Sarthe, France
Geoffrey V "The Fair" Plantagenet
Date of Birth:
August 24, 1113
Anjou, France
Date of Death:
September 7, 1151
Chateau, France
Foulques V "The Rude"
Count of Anjou &
Ermegarde Du Maine
Adewis Plantagenet
Henry II Plantagenet,
King of England

Agnes Plantagenet
Geoffrey VI Plantagenet
William Plantagenet
Emma Plantaganet

Matilda, Empress Maud, was the daughter of King Henry I of England and Mathilda "Atheling", Princess of Scotland. When she was seven years old, Maud was betrothed to Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, and was sent to Germany in 1111 to begin her training. Maud and Henry were married on January 7, 1114 when she was 11 years old. In 1125 Henry V died leaving Maud a childless widow at the age of twenty-three. Her brother William Adelin died several years before and this left Maud the only legitimate heir to the English throne.

Maud returned to England, where her father, Henry I, King of England, named her his heir, and arranged her second marriage to Geoffrey of Anjou. He was nicknamed "Plantagenet" from the broom flower (planta genista) which he took as his emblem. The name of the line of English kings descended from Geoffrey V.

On the death of her father in 1135, Maud's claim to the throne of England was usurped by her cousin, Stephen of Blois. The civil war which followed was bitter and prolonged. In 1147, Maud was finally forced to return to France, following the death of her half brother, Robert of Gloucester. Although the civil war had been decided in Stephen's favor, his reign was a troubled one. In 1153 Stephen's son, Eustace died. During this time Henry, Maud's son, arrived with a militry force. This led Stephen to acknowledge Henry as his heir.

Maud retired to Rouen, in Normandy, where she maintained her own court. Even though she gave up hope of being crowned Queen in 1141, her name always preceded that of her son Henry, even after he became king. Maud died at Rouen, and was buried in the cathedral there; her epitaph reads: "Here lies the daughter, wife, and mother of Henry."

Home | Path to the Kings | Contact