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Henry I & Matilda "Atheling"

Silhouette-Woman Silhouette-Man
Name:
Matilda "Atheling",
Princess of Scotland

Date of Birth:
about 1079/80
Place:
Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland
Date of Death:
May 1, 1118
Place:
Westminster, London,
Middlesex, England

Parents:
Malcolm III Caennmore,
King of Scotland &
Margaret "Atheling",
Princess of England
Date of Marriage:
November 11, 1100
Place:
Westminster, London,
Middlesex, England
Name:
Henry I "Beauclerc",
King of England

Date of Birth:
1068
Place:
Selby, Yorkshire, England
Date of Death:
December 1, 1135
Place:
St. Denis, Sein-St. Denis, France
Parents:
William I, "The Conqueror" &
Matilda, Countess of Flanders,
Queen of England
Children:
Matilda, Empress of Germany
Richard
William "Atheling"
Son
Elizabeth
Constance

Facts:
Atheling is an Anglo-Saxon term for nobleman or prince, especially the heir to a throne.

The reign of Henry I lasted for thirty-five years from August 5, 1100 to December 1, 1135. Henry had an above average education, hence his nickname, Beauclerc, which means fine scholar.

Henry's father, William the Conqueror, divided his kingdoms between Henry's two older brothers, leaving England to William Rufus and Normandy to Robert. Henry inherited no land but received 5,000 pounds in silver. Henry played each brother off of the other during quarrels, which prompted both to distrust Henry. They signed a mutual accession treaty barring Henry from the crown of both England & Normandy.

Robert was fighting in the First Crusade when William Rufus died. Henry was in the woods hunting on the morning of August 2, 1100 when William Rufus was killed by an arrow. Henry quickly moved to secure the crown of England on August 5th, which led many to believe he was responsible for William's death. Robert returned to Normandy a few weeks later, but was defeat in Battle 1106. Robert was captured and lived his remaining twenty-eight years as Henry's prisoner.

In the summer of 1135, Henry and his son-in-law, Geoffrey V of Anjou were at war. It was during this time that Henry died, with rebellion on the horizon.





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