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Henry II & Elaeonore Plantagenet

Silhouette-Woman Silhouette-Man
Name:
Eleanore, Princess of Aquitane
Date of Birth:
About 1122
Place:
Bordeaux, Aquitaine
Date of Death:
March 31, 1204
Place:
Poitiers Poitou, Aquitaine
Parents:
William X,
Duke of Aquitaine &
Eleanor De Chatellerault

First Marriage:
Louis VII Capet "The Younger,
King of France
Date of Marriage:
May 11, 1152
Place:
Bordeaux, Gironde, France
Name:
Henry II Plantagenet,
King of England

Date of Birth:
March 5, 1133
Place:
LeMans, Sarthe, France
Date of Death:
July 6, 1189
Place:
Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France
Parents:
Geoffrey V "le Bon" Plantagenet &
Matilda (Maud), Empress of Germany
Children:
Richard I "The Lion Hearted" Plantagenet,
King of England

John "Lackland" Plantagenet,
King of England

William Plantagenet
Henry Plantagenet
Philip Plantagenet
Eleanor Plantagenet
Joanna Plantagenet
Matilda Plantagenet
Geoffrey Plantagenet

Facts:
Richard I, "Lionhearted", King of England (1189–99); Richard was a warrior and enjoyed the art of warfare, but he was also known as a talented minstrel who enjoyed writing songs and poems. Richard was also known to have a temper and could sometimes be known as cruel.

Richard was called the Lion-Hearted because of his strength and bravery. He was born in 1157, the third son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Since Richard's two older brothers had already died, Richard became King of England after Henry II's death in 1189. Richard at once began preparing for the long and difficult Crusade by selling royal land and taxing his people greatly. This allowed him to raise large sums of money to finance his vast army. Over the next two years Richard and his army became hero's in England.

While Richard was fighting in the Crusade, his younger brother John "Lackland" was in England trying to snatch Richard's throne. After discovering what was happening in his absence, Richard set sail for England. During his trip back to England the Duke of Austria, captured Richard and turned him over to the new German emperor, Henry VI. The Emperor demanded 100,000 marks of silver as ransom for Richard, King of England. The English pledged to raise the ransom in order to ensure Richard's safe return and within a year it was delivered to Henry VI and Richard was free.

During a three year war with Philip II of France, the Viscount of Limoges, one of Richard's vassals, discovered a valuable gold treasure in a field near his castle. Because the Viscount was his vassal, Richard claimed the treasure. However, the Viscount refused to give it up and Richard lay siege to his castle.

On the fourth day of the siege, Richard was riding near the castle walls when an arrow struck him in the shoulder. With Eleanor, his mother and his by his side Richard called for the archer who had shot shot him and Richard forgave him.
Richard I "The Lionhearted", King of England, died at the age of 42 in the year 1199. He was buried in France near the grave of his father. His heart was removed and taken to Rouen and buried beside his brothers. During his ten-year reign of England, Richard the Lionhearted spent only six months in his own country.





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