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Malcom III Caenmore & Margaret "Atheling"

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Margaret "Atheling"
Princess of England

Date of Birth:
Date of Death:
November 16, 1093
Edinburgh Castle,
Edinburgh, Scotland

Edward "Atheling",
Prince of England &
Agatha of Brunswick
Date of Marriage:
Dunfermline Abbey,
Fife, Scotland
Malcolm III Caenmore,
King of Scotland

Date of Birth:
About 1031
Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
Date of Death:
November 13, 1093
Alnwick Castle,
Northumberland, Scotland

Duncan I "The Gracious",
King of Scotland &
Aelflaed (Sybil) of Northumbria

First Marriage:
Ingibiorg Finnsdottir
Edmund I,
King of Scotland

King of Scotland

Alexander I,
King of Scotland

Matilda "Atheling"
David I,
King of Scotland

Malcolm III reigned as king from April 25, 1058 until his death November 13, 1093. "Caennmor" means "big head" or "big chief".

MacBeth, of Shakespeare fame, is reported to have killed Duncan I, Malcolm's father. Malcolm lived for a time in exile before returning to reclaim the throne of Scotland. Malcolm defeated and killed MacBeth in 1057, but Lulach, Lady MacBeth's son by her first marriage, ruled for a few months before Malcolm killed him, too. During Malcolm's reign the Norman Conquest of England ocurred, and feudal society migrated northwards into Scotland.

Malcolm's second marriage was to Margaret Atheling, who was descended from the Saxon Kings of Wessex and England. It is through this marriage that later kings and queens of Scotland and England can claim descent from the Saxon Kings of Wessex.

Margaret Atheling was born in exile in Hungary in 1045. After the death of her father in 1057, Margaret arrived at the court of King Edward the Confessor in England. Ten years later, following the defeat of Harold Godwinson at Hastings, Margaret was in exile again; and this time she fled to Scotland. She arrived in Queensbury, Scotland in 1066. She was married, against her wishes, to King Malcolm III Cænmore of Scotland at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland in 1068. Her unlearned and boorish husband grew daily more graceful and Christian under the queen’s graceful influence.

Margaret was a much loved and very devout queen. She had travelled widely in Europe and when she came to Scotland she was determined to change the manner of the court both in fashion and standards of behavior. Nobles were forbidden to fight or get drunk at court and she gave each noble his own drinking cup. Margaret was allowed to use her husband's money to help the poor by giving them food, shelter and clothing. She also encouraged trade with foreign merchants. Under her influence, life became more civilized. She also founded many monasteries and tried to bring her Roman Church close together with the Celtic church.

Margaret died on November 16, 1093, at Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. St. Margaret was canonised in 1250; and her feast day in Scotland is November 16, the anniversary of her death.

After the death of Malcolm III he was succeded by several of his sons. Edmund I reigned as King of Scotland from 1093 until 1097. Edgar reigned as King of Scotland from 1097 until 1107 and Alexander I "The Fierce" reigned from 1107 until 1124. Finally, David I "The Saint of Scotland" reigned as King of Scotland from 1124 until 1153. In all Malcolm III and his sons reigned as Kings of Scotland for 95 years.

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